HeForShe IMPACT Champion
Ir. H. Joko Widodo
Republic of Indonesia
Reach at least 30% representation of women in parliament and improve women’s representation in other decision making processes
Indonesia has implemented a bold quota law. Despite its important aspirations, the law’s impact has not yet been fully realized; in the most recent election, women held 17.23% of parliament seats.1 To strive towards the 30% target, Indonesia will roll out three important changes. The government will promote the appointment of women to senior leadership positions. To ensure individuals across the government are gender-sensitized, all ministries and government institutions will be required to mainstream gender in the compulsory training and education curriculums at all levels. Finally, the government will conduct a mapping to thoroughly understand the representation and needs of women both as voters and candidates, and provide information and training on politics and leadership for women.
Reduce maternal mortality and improve vital access to reproductive health services.
In the 2012 survey, Indonesia’s maternal mortality rate showed a slight decrease from 390 to 359 deaths per 100,000 live births. To accelerate this trend, Indonesia aims to substantially upgrade coverage of sexual and reproductive health services across the country, provide integrated antenatal care and services for mothers, improve the quality of service delivery, and extend national health insurance coverage (JKN) to reproductive health and delivery services in all health centers—from city hospitals to village clinics. In addition, the government will work closely with community organizations to actively engage women, their husbands, and families as partners in this effort, particularly in remote or poor areas.
End violence against women & girls
According to the most recent estimates, 3-4 M Indonesian women (3.1% of the population) experience violence each year. To address this issue, the government has established integrated service centers across the country and a Task Force on Human Trafficking.2 Indonesia will use a two-pronged approach to reduce violence, by enhancing protective services to the most vulnerable populations, and promoting women’s economic empowerment and independence. On protection, the government will launch in 2016 a nationwide survey on violence against women and children, to understand the prevalence, severity, and trends. Based on these findings, the government will roll out a series of targeted interventions, including: developing local institutions to detect and prevent violence, implementing follow up actions to the National Movement against Sexual Violence on Children (GN AKSA), and strengthening existing institutions in high-risk zones. To empower and change perspectives, the government will launch the ‘One Student Saves One Family’ program where youth will serve as advocates on family resilience and empowerment, with a focus on ending violence. Additionally, women migrant workers—a high-risk group for violence—will receive financial literacy, business, and capacity building training.
1. Indonesia has doubled the number of women ministers at the cabinet level (from 4 to 8). The representation of women at lower levels in the judicial and executive branches remains below 30% 2 Task Force has efforts in 30 provinces and 155 cities. Service centers present in 33 of the 34 provinces."